Jonathan McCully letter

Dearest friend,

After being called upon by sudden demand to attend the Charlottetown Conference, my ideas have been changed. I wasn’t eager for the Canadian Confederation before, but the fellow delegates have persuaded me. Now, I will promote the Confederation through my newspaper editorials. Although I hold the seat of one of the legislative council members, I was not listed to attend the conference, but one of the delegates dropped out and Charles Tupper recruited me last minute. I do have to say, Tupper has become an excellent figure. I remember my teaching days when I was trying to earn money to study law. Tupper stood out and I could tell he would grow to succeed me one day. Tupper was very supportive of the Confederation and trusted in his delegates. At the conference, I went against Joseph Howe, a colleague I closely worked with and also one of the representatives of Nova Scotia for the conference. He was the one who appointed me into the Legislative council after I supported him during the 1847 election. The 1863 Liberal election though, was tougher for Howe. He blamed his loss on me, for not being popular enough with the public. We’ve had many disagreements in the past including this one. Howe did, and still does not support the Confederation. I looked up to him before, but I must become superior to him if I want Nova Scotia to confederate.

I use journalism to express my beliefs and take pride in the many articles I write concerning the Canadian Confederation. I first began writing for the Acadian Recorder, spilling my perspectives and opinions to the public. I then became the editor for the Halifax Morning Chronicle but was fired after publishing articles that agreed with the Canadian Confederation. The citizens of Nova Scotia do not wish to join with the other colonies but I didn’t let that stop me from trying to persuade the public of changing their mind about the Canadian Confederation. I bought the Morning Journal and Commercial Advertiser and renamed it the Unionist and Halifax Journal to continue to write in support of the Confederation.

Again, I do wish for Nova Scotia to join the Confederation, much to Nova Scotia’s disapproval. People including Howe and the citizens do not wish to confederate. Howe argues that we have already established responsible government and believes that we would be a neglected colony compared to the others. He stated that we have enough trades from America and Britain and wants no part of Canada. The citizens of Nova Scotia wish to join America and they are not familiar with the other colonies. Tupper’s side, including Sir Adams George Archibald and I, argue that the Confederation would bring many benefits to our colony such as wider trade markets, a stronger defense from American expansion and Fenian Raids, a railway that stretched across the nation, giving us faster and more convenient transportation that linked the colonies together. Anyways, I hope Nova Scotia will confederate create a beautiful nation. I write this letter to you to catch up on my life. I hope to see you soon my friend.


Jonathan McCully

Independent Investigation: War of 1812

What was the strategy used to secure Fort Detroit during the war of 1812?




Outline the focus of your inquiry and provide background knowledge. Why is this an important and significant question to ask about the past? Provide evidence from primary and secondary sources.

The focus of my inquiry question is to find out how British troops were able to secure Fort Detroit without any violence. When dealing with two major generals from each side, you would expect a big and bloody battle but the outcome of this was a surrender from the Americans. Because of the Manifest Destiny, shouldn’t the Americans feel superior to the people of Canada? They believed that it was their destiny to conquer all of North America, so why did the defenders of Fort Detroit give up so easily? Turns out, there’s a much more personal side to the Americans that I would come to discover with my research.

The victory of Fort Detroit was an important win for the British and Indigenous people. This placed a setback on the Americans by losing one of their strongholds in Canada. Tecumseh also showed great intelligence from his strategy and Isaac Brock became a Canadian hero. By asking this question, we can see how a large historical conflict can end with no bloodshed. The letters from Hull and Brock are primary sources that show the relationship between the Americans and the British. Other online sources would say the same things.


Cause and Consequence

The Manifest Destiny made Americans believe that it was their destiny from God to conquer all of North America. After their success with the American revolution, they started to see how strong they were, thus leading to too much pride and confidence. From the Manifest Destiny, they made their goal to defeat all of Lower and Upper Canada but little did they know, Canadians were a force to reckoned with.

After several attacks from the Americans, British General Isaac Brock needed a way for Canada to get an upper hand. His target was Fort Detroit but he would need support to be able to secure it. An Indigenous chief commanded many ambushes against American troops and from one of them, he retrieved a letter containing valuable information. The “battle” of Fort Detroit happened because the British needed an advantage against America. Tecumseh decided to ally himself and his tribes with Brock because he wanted revenge against America for taking his land. Tecumseh also made a bargain with Brock for them to give back his Indigenous lands from the Americans. It was a win-win deal for both sides. The consequences of this battle heavily sided on General Hull. The Americans lost a great stronghold and gave an advantage to the British. All of his men were captured and Hull was greatly disliked after.


Ethical Judgement

The outcome of the battle is fair by the values and standards at the time. General Hull surrendered from his own decision. Tecumseh and Brock’s strategy overwhelmed him to the point he couldn’t control his fear anymore and it ended in a fair loss for the Americans. Even if it was from our current values and standards, it would still be fair. Hull’s enemy was successfully able to turn his fear into their advantage and the results were completely understandable.


What conclusions can you reach about your question, based on the research you conducted?

From the research I conducted, I discovered how Tecumseh and Isaac Brock composed a strategy against General Hull by taking information from the letter retrieved by one of the Indigenous people’s ambushes against an American troop. The letter was written by General Hull, explaining how terrified he was of Indigenous people. This was valuable information to Tecumseh and he used this knowledge to bargain with the British. Tecumseh met up with General Isaac Brock at a British camp and stated that he would help him by offering his tribe’s military intelligence in exchange for the return of his Indigenous lands from the Americans. General Brock agreed to his deal and they started to construct a strategy that would dig deep into Hull’s nightmare. The first component of their strategy was for Brock to write a letter to Hull. He first asked for them to surrender Fort Detroit but when they refused, Brock declared, “the numerous body of Indians who have attached themselves to my troops, will be beyond my control the moment the contest commences.” That statement would then trigger Hull’s fear of Indigenous people and cause him to become mentally unstable. After that, they would send an army of troops to Fort Detroit and bombard the fortress with canons. With Brock pummelling the fort, Tecumseh would have his army of 600 men run back and forth through the woods near Fort Detroit. This made his forces seem massive and unpredictable. When General Hull would look out the window, he would see each fast-moving person multiple times and think they were a giant army. With this fear controlling him, his mental state was deteriorating and he finally snapped. Against the will of his  2,000+ men, General Hull surrendered Fort Detroit. It was a victory for the British and Indigenous without any violence.




Ecological Footprint

My ecological footprint total came to 9.5 hectares. I personally think that is a number on the higher side but considering everyone else’s results ranging from 6 to 7.5 to 16, I would say mine is average. Here are all my category subtotals (without being divided).

Water subtotal: 130

Clothing subtotal: 115

Stuff subtotal: 45

Shelter subtotal:10

Transportation subtotal: 280

Fun subtotal: 170

Food subtotal: 200

My highest subtotal is transportation and lowest is shelter.

10 actions that currently increase my footprint

  • Showering for more than 10 mins or bath is full +80
  • Flushing the toilet every time I use it +30
  • Not using water-saving appliances
  • Buying clothes that are brand new +100
  • Hardly ever wearing half of my clothes +40
  • Creating a shoebox’s worth of garbage on a typical day +70
  • Spending some time of the day on a public transport +30
  • Being in a medium-sized car most often +60
  • Spending some time carpooling +50
  • Usually spending more than an hour on the computer and/or watching tv per day +70

6 actions from the 10 above that I will change to decrease my footprint

  • Taking shorter showers- My showers tend to be 30% actual showering and 70% mindless thoughts and imaginative concerts. Cutting out the 70% would drastically shorten my showers and save water.

Concentrating on getting the shower over with and having a set routine would help time my showers and keep them to a limit. Having an eye on the clock and being efficient is a good strategy for taking shorter showers.

  • Start using water-saving appliances- owning appliances that reduce the amount of power and water usage would bring down the water and electricity bill and help save our planet. They typically aren’t that expensive, are easy to set up, and drastically change the water usage from what I’ve heard from other places. My mom is also interested in setting some up in our house and knew it will be a change for the better of the house.

I will search around in stores for some water-saving shower heads to help with taking shorter showers and find some tips/tricks from the internet to save water. There are many videos and blogs that teach you life hacks and finding the right ones for my house will help save our water usage.

  • Reducing the amount of newly bought clothes- while I don’t go clothes shopping all that often, there are times where I would want an article of clothing but not need it. Setting this as a goal will help me keep a tab on what’s necessary and what’s not.

The next time I go to the mall, I will have a list of necessary items and try to stray away from things that aren’t on the list. That way, I won’t waste money on random things and keep my clothing to a minimum of essentials.

  • Wearing the full capacity of my clothes- I have only a few items from my drawers that I wear on a day to day basis and bags of clothing I have no interest in. While most are them are too small and outdated, it’s better to donate them than to let them sit in my closet, never seeing the light of day.

Finding organizations that take in clothing donations and repurpose them is a great way to get rid of my unwanted clothing. Having a closet cleanout would also be a good way to sort through all my clothing and find things I would want to wear.

  • Creating less garbage on a typical day- I am unhappy with the amount of garbage I create and would like to lessen the load. Earth’s landfills are growing every day and doing my part to filter out my waste would be a great contribution to a cleaner planet.

Some of my waste can be either recycled, composted, cleaned, and reused. Making sure to sort my garbage into recyclables, compostable, and reusable each with its own bucket will help me stay organized.

  • Spending less time on the computer- I am aware I spend way too much time on the internet with the endless nagging from my mom and the physical messages I give myself. Keeping a limit on my computer time will not only make my mom happier but also save electricity.

Setting a restricted time limit will keep me in check and going outside for once will help get my mind off my devices. Going on a hike, playing sports, and hanging out with friends, will not only push me to socialize with people but also be active. Yay! The weather is also transitioning into summer where there will be a lot more opportunities for me to go outside.


The easy changes were taking shorter showers, wearing more of my clothes, and finding water-saving appliances. Ever since having a routine of timed actions while showering, I’ve found a pace that works for me and helps me lower my water usage. While with my clothes, I haven’t found the time to do a whole closet cleanout but as summer roles closer and the weather begins to heat up, I’m starting to wear a lot more of my summer clothes while also keeping my warmer clothes for those cold days. Over one of the weekends, I’ve had time to dig around my closet and find things that I would wear but never got around to trying them on. My wardrobe is a lot bigger now and I don’t need to buy new clothes any time soon. Finding water-saving appliances were a lot easier than I thought. I searched the mall and found some water-saving showerheads at London Drugs and some other useful items. One of the tips I learned from the internet was to collect the running water from the shower while waiting for the water to heat up and to use that to water plants or any other task that needs water. So instead of getting new water, we can salvage the running water from the shower and reuse it.

The difficult changes for me were restricting my computer time and creating less garbage. Most of my school work is online and they need to be completed on a computer. While I have spent some time out of the house, I’ve been trapped in my desk chair finishing homework for most of my time. Its been hard trying to reduce the amount of plastic and waste I make just because almost all the items I need come in plastic containers, especially the food for Stein Valley adventure trip. I would need more time to find products that contain less garbage but implementing some strategies to create less waste to my like such as using cloth shopping bags instead of plastic ones and reusing containers could help.

Some obstacles I encountered was the lack of time I needed to do things and just the general difficultness. I had no time sorting out my closet and the groceries I needed contained unavoidable waste. But even after finishing this project, I will keep on working on my new lifestyle and will hopefully overcome the obstacles as time goes on.

For the future, I definitely think I can shrink the size of my footprint. After this experience and learning about the environment, I’ve come up with many ways for me to stay green. Teaching the rest of my family the strategies and informing my friends as well will help spread the word.

Farmer Refuted BP


Farmer Refuted starts with a pastor named Samuel Seabury introducing the Free Thoughts on the Proceedings of the Continental Congress pamphlet to the public. The pamphlet was published in 1775 and was anonymously signed A.W Farmer although the true author was Samuel Seabury himself. He tries to persuade the crowd that a revolution is not their solution and that they should accept the English government as their ruler. Seabury believed that war with England would tear the Thirteen Colonies apart since the British held more power than the Americans. He preferred staying under the control of a king and feared the consequences of war. Alexander Hamilton hears Seabury’s public announcement and with the push of Hercules Mulligan, speaks up for himself and starts a rap battle debate with Seabury. Hamilton believes that America should become an independent nation and is fed up with England issuing unconsented taxes on the Thirteen Colonies. Their “argument” takes place in front of a public crowd and shows the different perspectives of the two sides during the revolution. Those who support the American Revolution and those to discourage it.

This song features Alexander Hamilton and Samuel Seabury as its main characters with Hercules Mulligan and Aaron Burr as side characters. It circles around the beliefs of Samuel Seabury, who is a loyalist and Alexander Hamilton, who is a patriot. In the song, Seabury gives his opinion on the decisions made the continental congress. He disapproves of them declaring war with England and fears chaos and bloodshed. Upon hearing this, Hamilton argues with Seabury about how England has already started a war with America relating to the Boston Massacre and tax acts. He believes the Thirteen Colonies should fight for their rights and has the strength to demand independence.



Farmer Refuted is a battle between the ideologies of loyalists and patriots. During the American Revolution, there were two sides. Each had completely different perspectives to the revolution. Loyalists still wanted to be a part of England, they accepted the British government, and they wanted to be under the rule of a king. They feared chaos and bloodshed, they disliked the barbaric ideas of protests, and they believed that England troops would destroy the Thirteen Colonies. Patriots, on the other hand, wanted to be independent from England after events such as the Boston Massacre and the issuing of the Intolerable Acts. They want to have the rights as citizens and to be free from British control. They feared the power that England used unfairly against the Thirteen Colonies and did not see a future where America stayed with England.

The big idea I chose is emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events. In the song, Hamilton fought with Seabury about which ideology was more crucial to the future of America. Should the thirteen colonies just accept their British ruler, or should they stand up for their nation and demand independence? Seabury argued with lines such as “chaos and bloodshed are not a solution”, saying that war with England is not the answer to their problems and “this Congress does not speak for me”, stating that he does not agree with Congress. Hamilton counteracts those points with “Chaos and bloodshed already haunt us”, referring to the Boston Massacre and “Why should a tiny island across the sea regulate the price of tea”, asking why England has the right to tax supplies that rightfully belong to the Thirteen Colonies. Both Seabury and Hamilton are trying to influence society to get them on their side. They both need to gain support for their wishes to outpower the other.



I found Farmer Refuted to be a genius, upbeat, and humorous song. I was blown away by the creative counterpoint style of the song and was drawn to its unique beat and godlike roasts. The lines I was most infatuated with were the parts where Hamilton argued against Seabury’s lines.


 have you all unravel at the
Sound of screams but the
Revolution is comin’
The have-nots are gonna
Win this
It’s hard to listen to you with a straight face
Chaos and bloodshed already haunt us, honestly you shouldn’t even talk. And what about Boston? Look at the cost, n’ all that we’ve lost n’ you talk
 Congress?!My dog speaks more eloquently than thee!

But strangely, your mange is the same

Is he in Jersey?

For the revolution!

Heed not the rabble
Who scream
Revolution, they
Have not
At heartChaos and bloodshed are
Not a solution. Don’t
Let them lead you
This Congress does not
Speak for me
They’re playing a dangerous game

I pray the king shows you his mercy

For shame

For shame!


It was brilliant how Lin-Manuel Miranda kept the beat and melody steady while having two different characters singing/rapping at the same time. I also found the theme of loyalists and patriots in the song was something I wanted to research more of.

“Heed not the rabble who scream revolution, they have not your interest at heart”

Samuel Seabury says to pay no attention to the people who want a revolution, stating that “the bands of civil society is broken […] and individuals are deprived of their liberty”, taken from the Free Thoughts on the Proceedings of the Continental Congress. He remains loyal to an established ruler and this line sets his wants and fears for the song, earlier said in previous paragraphs.

“And what about Boston? Look at the cost, n’ all that we’ve lost n’ you talk about Congress?”

Alexander Hamilton brings up the Boston Massacre and how England shot the first shot that started the battle. Although it was a misunderstood command, America saw it as a sign of a real war and galvanized patriots to strive for an independent nation. Hamilton references this to Seabury as evidence and a reason for America to fight for their freedom.

“Why should a tiny island across the sea regulate the price of tea”

Alexander Hamilton is referring to the Tea Act that was established by England when they needed money after the seven-year war. The thirteen colonies wanted to be recognized as British but with the way England was treating them, they felt disrespected and unaccounted for. Tax acts such as the Tea Act angered the thirteen colonies and caused them to protest and rebel. The Tea Act was the final straw for America and was a catalyst to the Boston Tea Party. In Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, it states how absurd it is that a small island like England is governing a larger land and that they belong in different systems with Europe to England and America to itself.


Final In-Depth Post

Squish and Restart

What a journey In-Depth has been! Looking back at the beginning, I didn’t know where I wanted to go. There were a lot of details and different forms of sculpting that I could have chosen since my topic idea was very broad. Ultimately and after meeting with my mentor, I settled on sticking with ceramic sculpting for the most part but also trying out some different media later on in the project. For the sculptures I’ve been working on so far, they have all been additive and figurative sculptures. I practiced realistic facial features at first and now I’m working on more cartoonish pieces. As in-depth night is rolling closer, I’m working a lot harder on my sculptures and spending more time in the ceramics room. Its been hard making time for in-depth during the last few weeks especially with theater production and out of school activities but I’ve been using my CL time for sculpting and I’ll be bringing my supplies home to work on. For the last few weeks of in-depth, I want to start working with media such as newspaper (paper mache), fabric, and metal wires. I would like to try sculpting with these materials and challenge myself to make something presentable.

So far, I’ve had relative success with most of my sculptures but an obstacle that has always arisen was my personal expectation level. I would sculpt something, examine it, define all the flaws, and if I didn’t like it, I would squish and restart. This resulted in wasting a lot of my time during lunches and CL blocks. Although with my improved skills, I can spend less time squishing and more time sculpting!

piggy head with only its snout and nostrils
piggy head with only its snout and nostrils

I’m planning on presenting my project with a learning center displaying some of my sculptures. I will have my pieces lined up on my learning center table and each sculpture will have its own short information sheet that includes the date it was made and what the sculpture is. On the side, I will be sculpting something live to the people that come by my station. I will show them my process of sculpting and create a completed sculpture by the end of the night. I want to make something that everyone can take away like simple air-dry clay figures of cartoon characters and little trinkets for people to enjoy and take home.



Pikachu book trinket
Pikachu book trinket

Sculpting has been getting easier and more enjoyable as I work with it more and I’m trying to explore different types of materials to sculpt with. Although I chose ceramics, I would like to branch out to other types of sculpture art. Even though it takes a lot of focus and time, I’ve enjoyed being able to work on my passion and do what I love. I’m learning from the mistakes of my first in-depth project and looking forward to next year!

Hamiltalons big ideas

Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events

“Put a pencil to his temple connected it to his brain

and he wrote his first refrain a testament to his pain

Well, the word got around, they said, this kid is insane, man

took up a collection just to send him to the mainland”

This passage shows that once Alexander Hamilton put his mind into his writings, he spread his talent and knowledge to others around him, impressing them and supporting him to get an education in New York. His writings influenced society to change their way of thinking about statuses.

Disparities in power alter the balance of relationships between individuals and between societies

“The brother was ready to beg, steal, borrow, or barter”

Because Alexander Hamilton had no wealth or power to acquire the materials he needed to meet his goals of having a successful future, he needed to beg, steal, borrow, or barter to get them. The relationships of others with Hamilton would differ as they discover the actions he needs to take for his benefits. And as they decide their own opinions about how they felt about him.

Collective identity is constructed and can change over time

“How does a bastard, orphan, son of a whore and a Scotsman, dropped in the middle of a forgotten spot in the Caribbean by providence impoverished, in squalor, grow up to be a hero and a scholar?”

Alexander Hamilton was born of a very low status but he rose up through his hard work and became one of America’s founding fathers. No one saw him as of any importance in the beginning but once he started writing and educating himself, he started to prove people that he can break the bounds of identity and change into something new over time.

The physical environment influences the nature of political, social, and economic change

“In New York you can be a new man”

This line states that in order for Alexander Hamilton to move further with his dream of contributing to the American Revolution, he needs to travel to the mainland where he can get an education and help with the future of America. There’s nothing he can do if he stays planted in the Caribbean and if he wants opportunities to heighten his social and economic status, he needs to go a place that can provide the chances for him.

Independent Investigation

Inquiry Question: To what extent was the leadership of James Wolfe essential to the outcome of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham?


The year is 1759, and the seven-year war has already been ongoing for three years. On one September day, one of the most important battles that decided history for the French, Canadians, and the Europeans will take place on the Plains of Abraham.
In 1608, a French navigator, Samuel de Champlain sailed up the St. Lawrence River in search of more land and more wider trade. He then stumbled upon Canada which was already colonized by the Native Americans. He allied himself with the Wendat Confederacy and settled in a place that would come to be known as Quebec City in New France. Champlain colonized the area and soon grew into a whole colonization. Walls were built to protect the city, more and more people lived in it, and as time went on, the quarrel between the French and British grew and grew, resulting in the seven-year war in the future.

Later during the mid 18th century, why was the Battle of the Plains of Abraham so important, and how did James Wolfe contribute to it? The Battle of the Plains of Abraham was a pivotal point during the seven-years war. It decided the fate of New France and what Canada would eventually be in the future.

This is British General James Wolfe. He has led many attacks on the French, and his tasks were to convey Wolfe’s soldiers to a position from which they could attack the French, maintain a blockade of the St. Lawrence River to prevent supplies from reaching Quebec, and bombard Quebec with cannon fire to demoralize the French. Although sick with illnesses and diseases, he had his final mission to capture Quebec City. He and his army of 9,000 men were set to overtake Quebec City from the French. This was easier said than done, though. Quebec City was protected with plenty of French guards, a nine-meter high wall surrounding the city and cliffs on either side. He struggled to find an opening of attack but then he had an idea. General Wolfe discovered the cliffs were loosely guarded. If his army was able to get to the top, they would surprise the French and have a high chance of victory. There was no other way for an easier win. He also knew the St. Lawrence River would freeze up in the winter and he had to act soon. In the early morning of September 13, 1759, at 4:30 am, Wolfe and a portion of his men scaled the 53-meter cliff. It was a challenging task to do, but he also knew the consequences of asking his army to do it. Wolfe’s idea seemed crazy and reckless, but he had trust in his highly trained men and if they could do it, Quebec would fall and it would put an end to New France. Britain would gain a huge advantage against France and put them farther ahead. Alas, after a great night of climbing, Wolfe and 4,00 of his men made it to the top. They marched in rows that spanned the whole plain, the plains of Abraham.

Plains of Abraham, 120m
Plains of Abraham, 120m
Plains of Abraham, 40m
Plains of Abraham, 40m

Once the French noticed this, General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm hurriedly gathered 4,500 men to the Plains of Abraham. They charged at the British army and once they were about 120 meters from the enemy line, they began firing. Although there was open fire, General Wolfe ordered his men to stay still, watching as a few of their men fall to the ground. The French were too far away from the British line to do any harsh damage. Wolfe knew they wouldn’t be effective enough to harm his troops. However, once the French line was around 40 meters away, Wolfe gave the order to fire. With the enemies being much closer, there was much more damage done. The French and British armies traded bullets but with the British destroying the French lines, they started to retreat. During the battle, both generals were fatally wounded. Montcalm died the next day in Quebec City, but Wolfe’s last words were on the battlefield. He knew the French were retreating and that the British had won.

“Now, God be praised, I die contented.”

The Battle of the Plains of Abraham lasted less than 30 minutes but decided the fate of France, Canada, and Britain. The victors went to the British and they gained control of Quebec City after the French surrendered. New France crumbled and the British took over Canada. The leadership and guidance from James Wolfe were essential to the European’s win. He had the wits of climbing the cliff, something that the French never thought they would do, thus letting the British surprise them with an attack. Wolfe had the smarts of holding fire until the enemy was close and the strategy duration of the whole battle. His approach to staying still while the enemy was still far away proved his knowledge and experience of war, he knew what to sacrifice for the greater victory. His men had trust in his decisions and they put faith that he would lead them to victory. Overall, James Wolfe made critical decisions that won the battle. The outcome is fair from both sides. What won the battle was Wolfe’s decision-making skills and him being able to outsmart the French. If it was to the standards of our time now, it would still be fair. It depended on the general’s minds and Wolfe just happened to have a more “outside the box” plan. After the loss of the French, they lost power in Canada and Britain gained control. With the boost of Quebec being in the possession of Britain, the British cities in Canada (New York, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts)’s confidence also boosted leaving a subconscious want to be independent of Great Britain, indirectly leading to the American Revolution.



Textbook pg 63-67

Gr. 10


In-Depth blog post Week 11

Over the course of the last blog post and spring break, I have been steadily working on my In-Depth. It was difficult for me to sculpt during the last few weeks before spring break because of my schedule being filled up with assignment and projects but during spring break, however, I brought my heavy bag of clay home and prepared to focus. The cons of being at home are that I feel more comfortable with my own house and I can just start and finish whenever I want, I don’t really have a time crunch like at school if I only have the 30-40 mins of lunchtime. At home, however, I don’t have the tools and materials that were provided from the ceramics room. I found myself using some broken mechanical pencils, toothpicks, and playing cards as tools. I improvised with what I had but the pieces still didn’t turn out as well as if I had the correct tools. The lines aren’t as crisp and the edges aren’t as smooth as I would like. However, I really like the overall structure of my sculptures and the proportions are realistic.

During the first week, I focused on sketching diagrams of possible sculptures I could do. I finished two medium sized pieces over the last week of spring break, one being a model of an eye, and the other being a sculpture of Rowlet the Pokemon.


rough eye
rough eye
front Rowlet
front Rowlet




roughly drawn diagrams of the two pieces
roughly drawn diagrams of the two pieces

I also practiced sculpting some other body features like mouths and other Pokemon but I felt like they were not good enough for keeping.

My mentorship has been going great. Mieko has provided me with a lot of sources and information, teaching me along the way as she demonstrates what to do and how to do it. As I work with her more, I got to learn more about her. I discovered that she has been working on a big costume project which included the work of fashion, feathers, and sewing. She needed to go out and photograph her costumes in the forest, creating really beautiful works of art. She always let me know about her life and never left me in the dark. As for different experiences she offers, she introduced me to many community art shows that allow me to have an opportunity to socialize and communicate with other artists. During spring break, I was able to go to the Evergreen Cultural center and see their exhibits, as well as some smaller shows I sometimes stumbled upon. I was able to take inspiration from many pieces and they helped me see art in a new way.

I will continue to sculpt more pieces and improve my skill. In the end, I will hopefully have many amazing sculptures to show-off.

17th century Letter

Dear Matthew Hopkins,

I am a 40 year old woman and I have been accused of witchcraft. I am not a witch. I am a British citizen who lives under the reign of the king and I am faithful to God. I would have no reason to consult with Satan or do any of his biddings. I may have a birthmark on my arm but that does not mean I am a witch. I was born with it and have no control over it. I was married to a young man and failed to make children. When he died, I lost all my income. Because I am a widow, it does not make me accusable of witchcraft. I am merely a peasant, withering under your sovereign. I’m begging you to please end the witch hunts. Witches are foolish fantasies and taking the lives of innocent women is not the answer to keeping our sacred religion safe. Many have been burned, drowned, tortured, and hung just because of false accusations. They have gone through hell, being prodded with needles, trying to find marks of the devil on their bodies that aren’t there. Being forced to admit lies.  This is unfair to every woman who has been killed. We are all innocent. I’m begging for this to end, I’ve wandered the streets of Britain and witnessed the cruelty of witch hunters, not even flinching when blood of the dead splatters on their pure white uniforms. Please stop witch hunts, save the innocent.

I am not afraid of speaking up. I do not fear death nor torture, but what frightens me to the bone is the thought of this never coming to an end. I already know what horrors lie before me. Women need to declare our own justice, and I’m starting with this letter.

-Innocent citizen of England